tar extracting to a target directory

By default untaring will put the contents into the current directory.
Sometimes it is not desirable to change directory to the target (such as in a scrip).

tar -xvvf /source/tarfile.tar -C /target

This will extract(x), very verbosly(vv) the file(f) /source/tarfile.tar to the directory(-C) /target (it will change the output folder to /target (so make sure it exists).